Download e-book for iPad: An Introduction to Macroscopic Quantum Phenomena and Quantum by A. O. Caldeira

This ebook presents an in-depth and rigorous learn of the Wigner rework and its versions. they're provided first inside of a context of a basic mathematical framework, after which via purposes to quantum mechanics. The Wigner rework used to be brought by way of Eugene Wigner in 1932 as a likelihood quasi-distribution which permits expression of quantum mechanical expectation values within the similar shape because the averages of classical statistical mechanics.