Download e-book for kindle: Artificial Gauge Fields with Ultracold Atoms in Optical by Monika Aidelsburger

This booklet presents an in-depth and rigorous examine of the Wigner rework and its versions. they're offered first inside of a context of a basic mathematical framework, after which via functions to quantum mechanics. The Wigner remodel used to be brought by way of Eugene Wigner in 1932 as a likelihood quasi-distribution which permits expression of quantum mechanical expectation values within the related shape because the averages of classical statistical mechanics.